Stroke Treatment | Syncope Treatment | Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment | Dutchess County | Westchester County
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Conditions

Stroke

Stroke Treatment | Syncope Treatment | Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment | Duchess County | Westchester CountyA stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted; this deprives the brain of sufficient oxygen and nutrient levels, causing brain cells to die. A stroke is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment to help prevent complications such as muscle paralysis, memory loss and permanent brain damage.

There are several different types of strokes, but nearly 80 percent of all cases are ischemic strokes. An ischemic stroke occurs when the arteries leading to the brain become blocked and blood flow is restricted, causing cells to die quickly. Other strokes may occur from too much blood in the brain after a blood vessel leaks or ruptures, or after a temporary decrease in blood supply to the brain, which may cause a mini-stroke.

A stroke can cause many serious symptoms and may come on suddenly, so it is important to take action as soon as symptoms appear. Symptoms of a stroke include:

  • Difficulty walking
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Numbness on one side of the body
  • Blurred or blackened vision
  • Headache
  • Confusion

Strokes occur most often in people over the age of 55, with high blood pressure and cholesterol and a family history of stroke or heart attack.

In order to treat a stroke, proper blood flow must be restored to the brain. This can be done through aspirin or other medication if the stroke is detected early enough. Surgical procedures to expand blocked arteries or control excess bleeding are most commonly used to treat a stroke.

Many people are able to successfully recover from a stroke, depending on how much brain damage occurred. It is important to make an effort to regain independence and functionality, while also taking steps to prevent a future stroke or heart attack through maintaining a healthy and active life.

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)

A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a stroke-like event caused by improper blood flow in the carotid artery. The carotid artery is located in the neck and it carries blood from the heart to the brain. Carotid artery disease results from a build-up of plaque that hardens the artery, a condition called atherosclerosis. This blockage can narrow the artery and restrict blood flow, increasing a person's risk of having a stroke. A piece of the blockage can also break off and lodge in the artery or in a smaller vessel.

During a TIA, you may experience a tingling, weakness, numbness or loss of control on one side of your body; loss of vision in one eye; or a slurring of speech. These symptoms are temporary and usually disappear within an hour. Nevertheless, they should be reported to your doctor immediately. If these symptoms last more than a day, you may have had a stroke.

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Stroke

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Syncope

 Syncope Treatment | Duchess County | Westchester CountySyncope, commonly known as fainting, involves a temporary loss of consciousness as a result of insufficient blood flow to the brain. Syncope is also usually associated with a sudden drop in blood pressure and decrease in heart rate. Most people regain consciousness after just a few moments, but may experience a state of confusion for a short period.

There are many different causes of syncope, which may include poor blood circulation, nervous system malfunctioning or changes in the blood pressure and heart rate. It can also be caused by stress, pain, changes in body position, overheating, dehydration, exhaustion or as a side effect of certain medications.

Patients with syncope may experience lightheadedness, dizziness, drowsiness, unsteadiness, fainting or blacking out. You may experience nausea and heart palpitations before a fainting episode as well, which become warning signs that patients can recognize before syncope occurs. After an episode of syncope, at least 30 percent of patients will have a recurrence.

Treatment for syncope depends on the underlying cause of the condition, and aims to prevent fainting episodes from occurring in the future. Treatment may include medication, support garments to improve circulation, biofeedback training to control rapid heartbeat or a pacemaker to regulate the heart rate and monitor underlying medical conditions. Certain home treatments, such as dietary changes, elevating the head while sleeping and taking precaution when switching positions, can also help reduce the risk of syncope.

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Syncope

Traumatic Brain Injury

 Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment | Duchess County | Westchester CountyTraumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when an injury or trauma to the head causes damage to the brain. TBI may cause a loss of consciousness, headache, confusion, lightheadedness, dizziness, blurred vision, fatigue, behavioral changes, memory problems and more. These symptoms can range from mild to severe and may eventually lead to permanent disability or death.

If you experience symptoms of traumatic brain injury, it is important to seek immediate medical attention. Significant brain damage often cannot be reversed and needs to be treated as soon as possible in order to prevent further damage. TBI is treated by stabilizing the patient and making sure enough oxygen is supplied to the brain and the rest of the body. Later treatment includes physical, occupational and speech therapy, as well as psychological and social support. A TBI often causes tragic changes to a person's life and can affect their friends and family as well.

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Traumatic Brain Injury

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